The magnificent mountain peak of Mt. Everest (8848m) has some extreme climate and temperatures. The winter temperature averages around -36 degrees Celsius / -33 degrees Fahrenheit on the top of Mount Everest. On the other hand, summer temperatures average around -19 degrees Celsius / -2 degrees Fahrenheit.
But how low can the temperature get on Mt. Everest? You might wonder. Read further to know more about the temperatures in the Everest region.
When is the lowest temperature in Mt. Everest?
January is the peak of winter in Mt. Everest. The temperature is freezing in January and it is also the coldest month of the year. The temperature averages around -36 degrees Celsius and can drop down to -40 degrees Celsius.
Moreover, the temperature remains below the freezing temperature at all times in Mt. Everest. Even in July, which is the warmest month, the average temperature stays around -19 degrees Celsius in the mountain peak.
What are the factors that contribute to the low temperature?
Multiple factors contribute to the low temperatures in Mt. Everest. The season, height, and location are some of the factors that bring freezing temperatures in the Everest region. The mountain weather is unpredictable and unique than anywhere else on this earth.
What is the lowest temperature ever recorded in Mount Everest?
The lowest temperature of -42 degrees Celsius was recorded in December 2004 on Mt. Everest. The average temperature in the summit is at least 57 degrees Celsius or 103 degrees Fahrenheit colder than at sea level.
Other factors contributing to the low temperature
There is a minimal atmospheric pressure and oxygen levels on the summit of Mt. Everest. Climbers usually carry oxygen tanks, but they are at a low when compared to the sea level. These external factors slow down the body’s metabolism. A metabolism denotes all the chemical reactions that are essential for the living state of the cells and the organism in the body.
Hence, these external factors reduce the functionality of the human body at a particular energy level. This process leads to less energy burn by the body, and thus you will not get warm quickly. Even, on a bright sunny day, you will feel cold. The towering Mt. Everest also reaches the lower limit of the jet stream.
Furthermore, high-speed fierce winds blow in the jet stream which increases the risk of getting blown off the summit for the climbers. Jet stream winds can range anywhere above 50-100 mph and bring freezing temperatures in the region. There is also the difference between the perceptive and the actual temperature. Overall, Mt. Everest has below-freezing temperatures at all times.
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